The National League for the Protection of the Family, formerly known as the Divorce Reform League, took over the movement in 1881. Synonyms for anti-feminist include misogynist, woman-hater, MCP, sexist, chauvinist, male chauvinist, misanthrope, womanhater, male supremacist and male chauvinist pig. [66] Due to the stigma against feminism, some activists, such as those involved with Girls Rock, may take the principles of feminism as a foundation of thought and teach girls and women independence and self-reliance without explicitly labeling it with the stigmatized brand of feminism. [44][45] Antiabortion writings, as well as conservative commentary in the late 20th century criticized the selfishness and self-centeredness of the feminist movement regarding abortions. [60][61], The Independent Women's Forum (IWF) is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented group. Thus, most women continue to practice feminism in terms of seeking equality and independence for women, yet avoid the label. Antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition to some or all forms of feminism. The men who believed in this model cited religious models and natural law to emphasize women's need to return to the private sphere, in order to separate men and women to keep women from outwardly challenging men in public. So a non-feminist person is no less anti-feminist simply for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist is for opposing it actively. [1][2] In the mid and late 20th century antifeminists often opposed the right to abortion and, in the United States, the Equal Rights Amendment. [61], Many who affiliate with the alt-right movement are antifeminist,[62][63] with antifeminism and resentment of women being a common recruitment gateway into the movement. [24][25], Moreover, other antifeminists oppose women's entry into the workforce, political office, or the voting process, as well as the lessening of male authority in families. How have women contributed significantly? 19 synonyms and near synonyms of anti-feminist from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 5 antonyms and near antonyms. What made you want to look up anti-feminist? [11][17][18][19], Furthermore, antifeminists view feminism as a denial of innate psychological sex differences, and an attempt to reprogram people against their biological tendencies. Janet Chafetz identified in a study 32 first-wave antifeminist movements, including those in the 19th century and early 20th century movements. [61] Both of these organizations pride themselves on rallying women who do not identify with feminist rhetoric together. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! In 1950 and 1953, ERA was passed by the Senate with a provision known as "the Hayden rider", making it unacceptable to ERA supporters. Delivered to your inbox! anti-feminism \ ˌan- tē- ˈfe- mə- ˌni- zəm. It's younger and less established than the CWA, though the two organizations are often discussed in relation to each other. The definition of feminism on Merriam-Webster is “the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.” Yet there is still an increasing belief that feminism is against men, and supports the supremacy of women. [7] Other feminists label writers such as Christina Hoff Sommers, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Katie Roiphe and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese with this term[8][9] because of their positions regarding oppression and lines of thought within feminism.[10]. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. [7] BBC and Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend #WomenAgainstFeminism. A person who believes in equality between sexes, but does not believe that Feminist philosophy shares those ideals. anti-feminist noun. One theory is that it was a clash between upper-class liberal voters and the older, more conservative lower-class rural voters who often serve as the center for right-wing movements; in other words, this theory identifies particular social classes as more inherently friendly to antifeminism. Wir haben im großen Anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen. This ploy failed once the journalists linked feminism to communism in their novel and ultimately reinforced antifeminism by implying that defending the "white, Christian, heterosexual, patriarchal family" was the only way to oppose communism. [41] The second theory Himmelstein identifies states that the female antifeminists who lead the movement are largely married, low education, and low personal income women who embody the "insecure housewife scenario" and seek to perpetuate their own situation in which women depend on men for fiscal support. Though men were not the only antifeminists, men experienced what some have called a "crisis of masculinity"[30] in response to traditional gender roles being challenged. As the feminist movement has changed since its foundation, the principles and interests of anti-feminism have also changed over the course of history. ", "Antifeminism, then, repudiates critiques of male supremacy and resists efforts to eliminate it (often accompanied by dismissal of the idea that change is possible). More example sentences. [29] The more successful a feminist movement is in challenging the authority of male-dominated groups, the more these groups will organize a countermovement. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? If you do a search for “anti-feminist book” on Amazon you only get 356 results (and MOST of the results are STILL pro-feminist books). It underwent a shift from fighting against divorce to promoting marriage and traditional family. If you look up the definition of “Feminism” in the dictionary, you’ll see these statements: Feminism is: 1. [57], In India, the Save Indian Family Foundation is an antifeminist organization[58] opposed to a number of laws that they claim to have been used against men. Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". ‘an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles’. Her anti-feminism was rooted in her opposition to “federal solutions to personal problems,” be they programs to alleviate poverty, provide health care, or educate young children. Another theory holds that women who feel vulnerable and dependent on men are likely to oppose anything that threatens that tenuous stability; under this view, while educated, independent career women may support feminism, housewives who lack such resources are more drawn to antifeminism. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). They believe that the feminist movement has achieved its aims and now seeks higher status for women than for men via special rights and exemptions, such as female-only scholarships, affirmative action, and gender quotas. [29] These countermovements were in response to some women's growing demands, which were perceived as threatening to the standard way of life. [51], In response to the social media trend, modern day feminists also began to upload similar pictures to websites such as Twitter and Tumblr. [31][2] Opponents of women's entry into institutions of higher learning argued that education was too great a physical burden on women. Through his efforts, the League garnered attention from pro-family advocates. adjective. [16][46][47][48][49][50], British newspaper The Guardian and the website Jezebel have also reported on an increasing number of women and female celebrities rejecting feminism and instead subscribing to humanism. controversy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antifeminism&oldid=1001406668, Articles with limited geographic scope from May 2017, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, That social arrangements among men and women, "The two major waves of antifeminist activity coincide with the two waves of the women's rights movement: the campaign to secure female suffrage in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the feminist movement of the late twentieth century. Note that this definition of antifeminism limits its reference to reactions against critiques of gender-based hierarchies and efforts to relieve the oppression of women. [40], Jerome Himmelstein identified two main theories about the appeal of antifeminism and its role in opposition to the ERA. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Antifeminismus (griech. These organizations frame themselves as being by women, for women, in order to fight the idea that feminism is the only women-oriented ideology. [42] ERA opposition was much higher among white, married, older, and less educated citizens. In the United States, some antifeminists see their ideology as a response to one rooted in hostility towards men, holding feminism responsible for several social problems, including lower college entrance rates of young men and a perceived decline in manliness in American culture. Most used the same hashtag, "womenagainstfeminism", but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments. [30], In the 19th century, one of the major focal points of antifeminism was opposition to women's suffrage, which began as a grassroots movement in 1848 and spanned for 72 years. [39] Because of the support of antifeminism from conservatives and the constant "conservative reactions to liberal social politics", such as the New Deal attacks, the attack on the ERA has been called a "right-wing backlash". [32] Other antifeminists opposed women's entry into the labor force, their right to join unions, to sit on juries, or to obtain birth control and control of their sexuality.[11]. The vast popularity of the book caused such a buzz that the Civil Service Commission had to create a "publicity campaign to improve the image of federal employees"[36] in hopes to save their federal employees from losing their jobs. [39] Their methods include actions such as "insults proffered in emails or on the telephone, systematic denigration of feminism in the media, Internet disclosure of confidential information (e.g. It is about a socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism, and become lesbians." Men's studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as "the opposition to women's equality". Anti-Feminists prefer to follow a more appropriate Biblical representative of women modeled in scripture (Christianity).Many of the Bible verses anti-feminists follow are Ephesians 5:22, … [42] Women who opposed the ERA tended to fit characteristics consistent with the Religious Right.[43]. In fact, leaders of the movement often encouraged other women to leave the home and participate in society. [64][65], According to Amherst College sociology professor Jerome L. Himmelstein, antifeminism is rooted in social stigmas against feminism and is thus a purely reactionary movement. Anti-feminists understand that feminism is a danger to society. Some argued that women were already overburdened. … Val Burris, meanwhile, says that high-income men opposed the amendment because they would gain the least with it being passed; that those men had the most to lose, since the ratification of the ERA would mean more competition for their jobs and possibly a lowered self-esteem. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. ‘I've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies.’. "[11], Antifeminist ideology rejects at least one of the following general principles of feminism:[12], Some antifeminists argue that feminism, despite claiming to advocate for equality, ignores rights issues unique to men. These organizations chastise feminists for presuming to universally speak for all women. Some women saying they don't need it", "Not all feminists: How modern feminism has become complicated, messy and sometimes alienating", "Am I a feminist? … a publicly abusive faction of men's right … It was founded to take on the "old feminist establishment". However, it was defeated in Congress when it failed to get the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982. These antifeminists contend that feminism demonizes men (misandry) and that women are not oppressed in 21st century Western countries. Like other conservative women's groups, they oppose abortion and same-sex marriage and make appeals for maternalism and biological differences between women and men. [26] They argue that a change of women's roles is a destructive force that endangers the family, or is contrary to religious morals. More from Merriam-Webster on anti-feminist, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for anti-feminist. [33] This movement built the foundation for many pro-family arguments in contemporary antifeminism. [20] They have argued that feminism has resulted in changes to society's previous norms relating to sexuality, which they see as detrimental to traditional values or conservative religious beliefs. In the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the charge. [6], The term antifeminist is also used to describe public female figures, some of whom (such as Naomi Wolf, Camille Paglia, and Kate Roiphe) define themselves as feminists, based on their opposition to some or all elements of feminist movements. [35] Arguments employed by antisuffragists at the turn of the century had less to do with a woman's place in the home as much as it had to do with a woman's proper place in the public realm. What changed my mind was learning that a lot of what I thought feminists believed was false – including the idea that gender oppression only affects women. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. For example, the perpetrators of the Christchurch massacre and the El Paso shooting appear to have been motivated by the conspiracy theory that white people are being replaced by non-whites largely as a result of feminist stances in Western societies. [33] Speaking on behalf of the League in an 1887 address to the Evangelical Alliance Conference, Samuel Dike described the ideal family as having "one man and one woman, united in wedlock, together with their children". The anti-feminist principle opposes feminism actively. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. addresses) on resources for battered women"[6] and more. [41], Authors Janet Saltzman Chafetz and Anthony Gary Dworkin, writing for Gender and Society, argue that the organizations most likely to formally organize against feminism are religious. Antifeminism (also spelled anti-feminism) is opposition to some or all forms of feminism.Earlier groups of antifeminists have opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as women's suffrage in the late 19th century and early 20th century. In Sex in Education: or, a Fair Chance for the Girls (1873), Harvard professor Edward Clarke predicted that if women went to college, their brains would grow bigger and heavier, and their wombs would atrophy. Opposed to feminism. Type 1) Egalitarian Anti-feminist. If they won the right to vote, women would consequently have to align with a particular party, which would destroy their ability to be politically neutral. antagonistic to feminism. [55][56], Founded in the U.S. by Phyllis Schlafly in 1972, Stop ERA, now known as "Eagle Forum", lobbied successfully to block the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S.[57] It was also Schlafly who forged links between Stop ERA and other conservative organizations, as well as single-issue groups against abortion, pornography, gun control, and unions. "[67] Similar strands of thought are found in the incel subculture, which centers around misogynist fantasies about punishing women for not having sex with them. Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, and abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally supporters. Men's responses to increased feminism varied. The IWF claims to be "the voice of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology". [66], Antifeminism has been identified as an underlying motivation in far-right extremism. I thought feminists were only doing harm to themselves and others, and I proudly proclaimed that I was not a feminist. Does it matter how the Equal Rights Amendment is worded? ‘Big Sister is a valuable book that may, perhaps, be swept off the shelves for being "anti-feminist. To put it simply, anti-feminism is an opposition to the principles and an idea of feminism. Abortion remains one of the most controversial topics in the United States. "’. The novel claimed that Communist leaders used their men and women to recruit a variety of minorities in the nation's capital, such as females, colored males, and homosexual males. This is because women's movements may demand access to male-dominated positions within the religious sector, like the clergy, and women's movements threaten male-oriented values of some religions. He says that antifeminists oppose "women's entry into the public sphere, the re-organization of the private sphere, women's control of their bodies, and women's rights generally." A person holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to some or all feminist philosophy. 2. [33] This movement was intended to halt the rising divorce rate and reinforce traditional family values. [39] Supporters of an unaltered ERA rejected the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider did not provide for equality. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right advocates and, Post the Definition of anti-feminist to Facebook, Share the Definition of anti-feminist on Twitter, The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. — Margaret W. Labarge. Anti-Feminist Quotes: "The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. Some women, like those in the Women's National Anti-Suffrage League, campaigned against women's suffrage. This undermines and belittles the true power and numbers behind the antisuffrage movement, which was primarily led by women themselves. In both periods, those holding a traditional view of women's place in the home and family tried to advance their cause by joining with other conservative groups to forestall efforts to extend women's rights. As it turned out, the most indicative factors when predicting ERA position, especially among women, were race, marital status, age, and education. Antifeminist Meaning. [35] Later historians tended to dismiss antisuffragists as subscribing to the model of domestic idealism, that a woman's place is in the home. It is because of feminism we have we have unrestricted sex, the Pill, abortion on demand, an astronomically increased number of single mothers, teenage mothers and women in their 40s struggling with infertility; we have a fatherless generation who haven't seen a better example; chastity is mocked, women are sexualized and coerced into selling themselves cheap; we have no-fault divorce, and deterioration of family. [45], Some current antifeminist practices can be traced back to the rise of the religious right in the late 1970s. A new section to the ERA was added, stating: "The provisions of this article shall not be construed to impair any rights, benefits, or exemptions now or hereafter conferred by law upon persons of the female sex." [28] However, by the end of the century, a cultural counter movement had begun. Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander. [41] There are, in fact, similarities between income between activists on both sides of the ERA debate. In the early 21st century antifeminism has sometimes been an element of violent, far-right extremist acts. He argues that antifeminists consider the "traditional gender division of labor as natural and inevitable, perhaps also divinely sanctioned. There were two reasons antisuffragists opposed women participating in the political realm. This self-proclaimed "anti-feminist" lawyer (Web site tag line: "Now is … Women's suffrage was achieved in the US in 1920, and early 20th-century antifeminism was primarily focused on fighting this. Four women reply (and they're not from the left)", "The many misguided reasons famous ladies say 'I'm Not a Feminist, "#WomenAgainstFeminism goes viral as people explain why they don't need feminism anymore", "Time Magazine apologizes for including 'feminist' in 2015 word banishment poll", The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, "Alt-right, alt-left, antifa: a glossary of extremist language", "Alt-right in Montreal: The war against women", "How the alt-right's sexism lures men into white supremacy", "To Learn About the Far Right, Start With the 'Manosphere, "Resisting the feminist threat: antifeminist politics in post-Sandinista Nicaragua", "Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Violence: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State", Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Boys are stupid, throw rocks at them! Some men even subscribed to feminist ideology, but others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist. After initially receiving the majority of votes (51%), a Time editor apologized for including the word in the poll and removed it from the results. [3][4][5], Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". [59], The Concerned Women of America (CWA) are also an antifeminist organization. Anti-feminism is opposition to feminism in some or all of its forms. See more. [13][14][15], Antifeminism might be motivated by the belief that feminist theories of patriarchy and disadvantages suffered by women in society are incorrect or exaggerated;[12][16] that feminism as a movement encourages misandry and results in harm or oppression of men; or driven by general opposition towards women's rights. 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Wir haben im großen anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten zusammengetragen...
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